European Robin
Erithacus rubecula

– sparrow-sized passerine
– nocturnal migrant, diurnal only short local movements
– migrates singly

BIF163_MPU_I1Q9274_121024_erobin_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula
BIF0163, 24/10/2012, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze

BIF164_MPU_I1Q9209_121024_erobin_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula
BIF0164, 24/10/2012, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze

BIF259_MPU_I1Q5084_141105_erobin_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula
BIF0259, 05/11/2014, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze

BIF260_MPU_I1Q5080_141105_erob_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula
BIF0260, 05/11/2014, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze

BIF261_MPU_I1Q5007_141105_erob_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, AD
BIF0261, 05/11/2014, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze

BIF165_20121024_I1Q9383_d_nordsee_offshore
European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, 1CY
BIF0165, 24/10/2012, North Sea, offshore, Germany, Mathias Putze


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, call during migration
BIF2245, 27/03/2017, Reudnitz, Germany, Patrick Franke


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, calls during migration
Yellowhammer Emberiza c. citrinella, social call

BIF2246, 07/10/2017, Mannhausen, Germany, Patrick Franke




European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, calls during migration
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla, social call

BIF2247, 30/09/2014, Baltic Sea, offshore, Patrick Franke


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, call during migration
Common Blackbird Turdus m. merula, call during migration

BIF2248, 27/09/2017, Werbeliner See, Germany, Patrick Franke


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, call during migration
BIF2249, 08/09/2016, Potsdam, Lukas Pelikan


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, calls during migration
Great Green Bush-cricket Tettigonia viridissima, song

BIF2250, 10/09/2016, Potsdam, Lukas Pelikan



European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, calls during migration
BIF2251, 12/09/2016, Potsdam, Lukas Pelikan


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, call during migration
BIF2252, 21/09/2016, Potsdam, Lukas Pelikan


European Robin Erithacus r. rubecula, call during migration
Song Thrush Turdus p. philomelos, call during migration
BIF2253, 24/09/2016, Potsdam, Lukas Pelikan

voice:
– very plastic (variable) single call
– usually two, sometimes one or three low bands visible
– frequency of the fundamental between 6-7,5kHZ
– a sharp, piercing almost glassy sound
– on greater distance the call may sound much weaker, less piercing

comparison species:
Common Blackbird (a)
Dunnock (a)
Spotted Flycatcher (a)
Red-breasted Flycatcher (a)
European Pied Flycatcher (a)

#songbird #passerine

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