Velvet Scoter
Melanitta fusca

– rather large duck, larger than Mallard
– diurnal/nocturnal migrant
– migrates in small to medium flocks in formation
– sometimes in mixed flocks with Common Scoter


Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, AD M
BIF1956, 01/03/2007, Baltic Sea, offshore, Martin Grimm
jet-black bodies, white secondaries contrasting to blackish primaries, rounded black head with small white eye-patch and extended yellow on rather flat bill

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, AD M F
BIF1957, 01/03/2014, Baltic Sea, offshore, Martin Grimm
adult females with brownish body, complete black bill, variably distinct pale spots behind and in front of the eyes, males with white, females with dark eyes (same in White-winged Scoter)

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, AD M F
BIF1958, 01/03/2014, Baltic Sea, offshore, Martin Grimm
greyish primaries, white secondaries contrasting to dark underwing coverts (same pattern as in White-winged Scoter), males with rather orange than pinkish (comp. White-winged Scoter), females with dark feet

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, AD M F
BIF1959, 01/03/2014, Baltic Sea, offshore, Martin Grimm

Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca, AD M F
BIF1960, 01/03/2014, Baltic Sea, offshore, Martin Grimm
primaries of adults usually appear black, but silvery in Common Scoter

voice: calls during migration not yet sound recorded

comparison species:
Surf Scoter (v)
White-winged Scoter (v)
Common Scoter (v)
Black Scoter (v)

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