Swan Goose Anser cygnoides





Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
BIF175, 20/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia
Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
BIF176, 20/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia
Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
BIF177, 20/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia
Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
BIF178, 31/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia



Swan Goose Anser cygnoides, 2, calls in flight
BIF179, 09/06/2013
Tsagaan Nuur, Mongolia

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Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo




Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
BIF173, 12/06/2011
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
BIF170, 27705/2011
Bui Nuur, Mongolia
Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
BIF167, 04/06/2011
Khalkhgol, Mongolia

visual ID:
In comparison with Demoiselle Crane Common Crane is slightly bigger with
longer neck. Sometimes both species may look surprisingly similar in flight
at first appearence, especially at long range.

From above Demoiselle Crane lacks “landing lights” of Common Crane.
Note Demoiselles black breast and neck, Common Crane’s black is
limited to the throat and first third of the neck.

Juveniles of Common Crane with grey neck and brownish head – Demoiselles
with whitish head.



Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo, 60, calls in flight
BIF172, 06/04/2011
Kocsu, Kazakhstan
Telinga stereo reflector



Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo, 10, calls in flight
BIF171, 04/04/2011
Kyzyltan lake, Kazakhstan
Telinga parabolic reflector

acoustic ID:
lacks Common Crane’s trumpeting and caroling timbre

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European Robin Erithacus rubecula




European Robin Erithacus rubecula
BIF163, 24/10/2012
North sea, offshore, Germany
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
BIF164, 24/10/2012
North sea, offshore, Germany
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
BIF165, 24/10/2012
North sea, offshore, Germany

visual ID:
bear in mind, white Goshawk like “flags” (undertail coverts/rump) are very prominent
in flight!



European Robin Erithacus rubecula
BIF169, 1–10, 06/03/2012
Baltic Sea, Germany
Neumann KM184, ORTF Stereo

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Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana




Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
BIF157, 23/07/2013
Prignitz, Germany
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
BIF158, 23/07/2013
Prignitz, Germany
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
BIF159, 23/07/2013
Prignitz, Germany



Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, calls in flight
BIF161, 06/06/2013
Tsetserleg, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector



Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, calls in flight
BIF160, 01/06/2013
Bayankhongorijn Khukh Nuur, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector

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Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes








Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, adult, female
BIF108, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, adult, male
BIF109, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, adult, female
BIF110, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, adult, male
BIF111, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, 1W
BIF112, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, 1W
BIF113, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes, 1W
BIF114, 05/07/2013
Prignitz-Telschow, Germany

visual ID:
appears due to the broad white tail tips and it’s massive body rather compact
against the dark sky. Broad white primary band prominent.



Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
BIF156, 11/05/2009
Greifswalder Oie, Germany
Telinga parabolic reflector

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Bar-headed goose Anser indicus


Bar-headed goose Anser indicus
BIF154, 15/10/2009
Havelland, Germany




Bar-headed goose Anser indicus, calls in flight
BIF155–1, 25/05/2013
Ider Gol, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector

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Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi





Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi daurica
BIF148, 31/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi daurica
BIF149, 19/05/2011
Taschgai, Mongolia
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi daurica, male
BIF150, 04/05/2011
Khalkhgol, Mongolia
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi daurica, male
BIF151, 04/05/2011
Khalkhgol, Mongolia

visual ID:
In comparison with Blyth’s Pipit, in flight visual differentiation without calls
is difficult
. Richard’s is slightly bigger, with potentially more extensive white
belly, seems longer tailed with stronger bill.
Distinct face due to longer white supercilium and submoustachial stripe.




Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi daurica, calls in flight
BIF153, 2–10, 09/06/2013
Tsagaan Nuur, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector

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Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski




Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski, male
BIF144, 04/06/2011
Khalkhgol, Mongolia
Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski, male
BIF143, 04/06/2011
Khalkhgol, Mongolia
Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski, male
BIF145, 05/06/2011
Matat, Mongolia

visual ID:
In comparison with Richard’s Pipit, in flight visual differentiation without calls
is difficult. Richard’s is slightly bigger, with potentially more extensive white
belly, seems longer tailed with stronger bill.
Distinct face due to longer white supercilium and submoustachial stripe.



Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski, calls in flight
BIF146, 1–10, 26/05/2013
Telmen Nuur, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector




Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewski, calls in flight
BIF147, 1–11, 28/05/2013
Telmen Nuur, Mongolia
Telinga parabolic reflector

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Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis



Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
BIF141, 26/10/2012
Gülper See, Germany
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
BIF142, 26/10/2012
Gülper See, Germany

vidual ID:
Meadow Pipits and similar species are best to identify by flight calls.
Tree Pipit’s underside seems to be lighter. Flank streakes finer than breast
streakes. Meadow Pipit has strong flank streakes similar to breast streakes.





Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis, calls in flight, 3EX

BIF131, 1–10, 24/10/2008
Greifswalder Oie, Germany
Telinga parabolic reflector



Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis, calls in flight
BIF139, 1–10, 03/10/2010
Helgoland, Telinga parabolic reflector



Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis, calls in flight
BIF140, 1–10, 05/04/2011
Kyzyltan Lake, Telinga parabolic reflector

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Common Crane Grus grus








Common Crane Grus grus, adult
BIF075, 26/03/2012
Vieritz, Germany
Common Crane Grus grus, adult
BIF168, 13/10/2010
Havelland, Germany
Common Crane Grus grus, adult
BIF174, 26/10/2012
Havelland, Germany
Common Crane Grus grus, 1th winter
BIF076, 13/10/2012
Untere Havelniederung, Germany
Common Crane Grus grus, adult
BIF166, 26/10/2013
Havelland, Germany
Common Crane Grus grus, flock
BIF077, 26/10/2012
Gülper See
Common Crane Grus grus, flock in twilight
BIF079, 31/10/2012
Nuthe-Nieplitz-Niederung, Germany

visual ID:
In comparison with Demoiselle Crane Common Crane is slightly bigger with
longer neck. Sometimes both species may look surprisingly similar in flight
at first appearence, especially at long range.

From above Demoiselle Crane lacks “landing lights” of Common Crane
(fig.3) Note Demoiselles black breast and neck, Common Crane’s black
is limited to the throat and first third of the neck.

Juveniles of Common Crane with grey neck and brownish head – Demoiselles
with whitish head.



Common Crane Grus grus, adult, 1W, calls in flight
BIF080, 12/10/2007
Bösewig, Germany
Sennheiser ME66

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