European Honey Buzzard
Pernis apivorus

– size of Common Buzzard
– diurnal migrant
– migrates single or in loose flocks
– at migration bottlenecks several hundred to thousands may flock


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, 1CY
BIF1374, 05/09/2012, Oberpfalz, Germany, Mathias Putze
dark morph
– uniform dark-brown body and underwing coverts contrasting to lighter outer remiges –
– primaries broad black tipped
– barring of wing more distict than in -> Common Buzzard


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, 1CY
BIF1382, 05/09/2012, Oberpfalz, Germany, Mathias Putze
dark morph
– uniform dark appearance
– barring of wing barely recognisable
– slightly lighter inner hand


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, 1 CY
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
BIF1419, 11/10/2011, Besh Barmag, Azerbaijan, Michael Heiß
dark intermediate morph
– dark mask around eye (not always that distinct)
– contrast between underwing coverts and broad white based remiges
– outermost primaries (‘fingers’) rather short -> Crested Honey Buzzard


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, 1CY
BIF1423, 16/09/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß
dark and rufous morph
– dusky secondaries
– broad black tipped outer primaries and largely white inner primaries
– distict black trailing edge to the wing -> Booted Eagle


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, F AD
BIF1372, 14/06/2013, Prignitz, Germany, Mathias Putze
intermediate morph,
– typical silhouette with fairly small head and long tail
– five long ‘fingers’ (six ‘fingers’ in Crested Honey Buzzard)
– F wing pattern with evenly spaced barring
– F tail pattern with narrower terminal band than M


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, F AD
BIF1373, 26/06/2014, Jüterbog, Germany, Mathias Putze
lighter intermediate morph
– carpal patches more obvious in lighter birds
– barring of the wings more irregular than in M
– possibly young AD due to indistict black trailing edge to the wing


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, F AD
BIF1376, 14/06/2013, Prignitz, Germany, Mathias Putze
intermediate morph,
– less clean patterned with more wingbars than M


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, F AD
BIF1420, 14/09/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1370, 26/06/2014, Jüterbog, Germany, Mathias Putze
– grey head with yellow eye
– broad black trailing edge to the wing, large gap to next wingband
– upperside generally greyer than in F


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1371, 13/06/2013, Prignitz, Germany, Mathias Putze
light morph
– note dark brown oval shaped carpal patch (missing in Crested Honey Buzzard, more round in Common Buzzard and Rough-legged Buzzard)


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1375, 12/05/2008, Rügen, Germany, Mathias Putze
intermediate morph
– large gap between broad black trailing edge and next wingband
– distictly contrasting black tipped outer primaries


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1377, 26/06/2014, Jüterbog, Germany, Mathias Putze
intermediate morph
– broad black terminal band in tail


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1379, 26/06/2014, Jüterbog, Germany, Mathias Putze
– striking M tail and wing pattern


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1380, 12/05/2008, Rügen, Germany, Mathias Putze
– in straight flight typical shape of folded tail caused by round tipped rectrices


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1381, 26/06/2014, Jüterbog, Germany, Mathias Putze
– contrasting grey head and broad tipped primaries


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, F AD
BIF2138, 15/06/2017, Trinwillershagen, Germany, Roland Neumann
– F upperside unicoloured brown, inner hand with pale window


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, M AD
BIF1383, 12/05/2008, Rügen, Germany, Mathias Putze
– recognisable as AD by broad black trailing edge


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, 1CY
BIF1421, 17/10/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß
– darker carpal patches not as obvious as in AD


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus AD
BIF1422, 14/09/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus AD and 1CY (lowest bird)
BIF1424, 14/09/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß
– dusky secondaries and very broad black tipped primaries in 1CY


European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
BIF1425, 14/09/2010, Ras Garib, Egypt, Michael Heiß

voice: usually nonvocal during migration

comparison species:
Crested Honey Buzzard (v)
Rough-legged Buzzard (v)
Common Buzzard (v)
Long-legged Buzzard (v)
Upland Buzzard (v)
Booted Eagle (v)

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